How a Population of 4.2 Billion Could Impact Africa by 2100: The Possible Economic, Demographic, and Geopolitical Outcomes

For better or worse, population growth in Africa over the next three decades will change the course of human history. The continent is currently home to 1.3 billion people, equal to roughly 17 percent of the world’s total population. By 2050, Africa’s population will increase to an unprecedented 2.4 billion and eventually to a staggering 4.2 billion by 2100. The continent will nearly become the most populated on earth—trailing only Asia’s 4.8 billion.

Many Sub-Saharan African countries will thus figure amongst the most highly populated in the world. Africa’s most populous country, Nigeria, whose population of 190 million people is currently growing at 3 percent annually, will have more than 400 million people by 2050…..

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